Critical gap in consumer awareness
Drawdown allows most pension holders to withdraw a tax-free lump sum and reinvest the remainder as an income. But hundreds of thousands of DIY drawdown investors are unaware they can scale back or stop their withdrawals, putting them in danger of draining their retirement savings too rapidly, according to new research.
Half (52%) of all over-55s taking an income in drawdown do not know they can reduce the value of their withdrawals, and more than half (56%) are unaware they can stop them – despite income flexibility being a defining feature.
Critical gap in consumer awareness
The findings of people who have unlocked their pension savings since the 2015 pension reforms highlight a ‘critical gap in consumer awareness’, which is estimated to potentially leave half of the 615,000 people in drawdown exposed if there is a stock market correction.
If share values move downwards, investors risk falling into a trap known as ‘pound-cost-ravaging’. This is where, as stock prices drop, retirees are forced to sell more investments to achieve the same level of income, depleting the capital of their pot more quickly and reducing its future growth.
Flexibility to shift income up or down
Taking an income is entirely up to the individual and withdrawals can be made at any time. However, the length of time you can take an income depends on the value of your drawdown pot, the amount you take as income, investment growth and charges. If your drawdown pot runs out before you die, your income will stop.
Drawdown gives people the flexibility to shift their income up or down as their spending needs change or markets fluctuate, yet a high proportion of people are seemingly in the dark over the control they have.
Protect portfolio from pound-cost-ravaging
If investment returns come to a sudden halt, pension holders need to be prepared to step on the income brakes. People who are unaware they can slow down or stop their income could seriously damage their savings and deplete their pots too soon.
Savers can protect their portfolio from pound-cost-ravaging by holding up to two years’ worth of living expenses in cash, which reduces the need to sell investments when prices are falling, giving them a chance to ride out short-term bumps in the stock market. Alternatively, limiting withdrawals to the ‘natural’ income from share dividends or bonds leaves the underlying investment intact, giving it a better chance to regain lost ground when markets recover.
Obtaining professional financial advice is key
The research found significant differences between consumers who have sought professional financial advice and those who haven’t. Just 35% of non-advised consumers understood they could reduce their drawdown income, compared to 77% of people getting ongoing advice. And some 33% of non-advised consumers were aware they could stop their drawdown income, versus 73% of those speaking to a professional financial adviser.
The reality is that some pension holders are making complex choices in drawdown without fully understanding how it works. To overcome this critical gap in consumer awareness, it’s important that people engage with their savings in drawdown and obtain professional financial advice.
Protecting drawdown savings in a market downturn
Diversify your investments – a well-diversified portfolio is a good defence against market falls. By investing across a variety of different asset classes, sectors and regions, you can spread the risk much wider than when all your investments are concentrated in a single area.
Build a cash buffer – building up a cash buffer can protect against stock market corrections. If the worst happens and the stock market falls from its high, then having a reserve of cash gives you an income to fall back on. Holding one to two year’s cash means you won’t be forced to sell when prices are falling, thereby locking in losses. Instead of cashing in funds, you can dip into cash reserves, giving your pot a chance to regain lost ground.
If it comes to the worst, turn off the taps – in drawdown, you can turn off the income taps whenever you like. Selling funds after markets have fallen means there is no chance to make up losses, shrinking your pension fund and reducing its future growth. If you can afford to, scale back your withdrawals or place them on hold until markets have recovered. Alternatively, limit the level of withdrawal to the ‘natural’ income from share dividends or bonds. This leaves the underlying investment intact, giving it a better chance to recover when markets rise.
You don’t have to fully retire to start claiming your pension savings. In fact, increasingly more people are choosing to take their pension savings gradually while they scale down their work hours. So from the age of 55, there is an option to access your pension savings and ease into retirement gently, but don’t forget you need to make sure that you have enough to last for the whole of your retirement.
 All figures, unless otherwise stated, are from YouGov Plc. Total sample size was 2,028 adults, who have accessed their DC pension since 1 April 2015, of which 1,191 are drawing a regular income in drawdown. Fieldwork was undertaken between 18 and 29 April 2019. The survey was carried out online for Zurich.
FCA Retirement Income Data Bulletin September 2018 shows 435,769 people took out drawdown between April 2016 and March 2018. If numbers grew at the same pace as October 2017 to March 2018 (90,504), Zurich estimates the population in drawdown would have increased by 181,008 between April 2018 and March 2019, resulting in 616,700 people in drawdown. https://www.fca.org.uk/publication/data/data-bulletin-issue-14.pdf
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT.
THE FUND VALUE MAY FLUCTUATE AND CAN GO DOWN, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
PENSIONS ARE NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE UNTIL AGE 55. YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY INTEREST RATES AT THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS. THE TAX IMPLICATIONS OF PENSION WITHDRAWALS WILL BE BASED ON YOUR INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES, TAX LEGISLATION AND REGULATION, WHICH ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE.
THE VALUE OF INVESTMENTS AND INCOME FROM THEM MAY GO DOWN. YOU MAY NOT GET BACK THE ORIGINAL AMOUNT INVESTED.
PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT A RELIABLE INDICATOR OF FUTURE PERFORMANCE.
ANY LEVELS AND BASES OF, AND RELIEFS FROM, TAXATION ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE.